MASon: Million Alignments In Seconds - A Platform Independent Pairwise Sequence Alignment Library for Next Generation Sequencing Data.

MASon: Million Alignments In Seconds - A Platform Independent Pairwise Sequence Alignment Library for Next Generation Sequencing Data.

Shortfacts
Category
Book
Research Areas
Bioinformatics and Computational Biology
Series Name
Proceedings of the International Conference on Bioinformatics Models, Methods and Algorithms (BIOINFORMATICS 2012)
Publisher
SciTePress
Place of Publication
Setubal, Portugal
Date
2012
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Abstract

The advent of Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) technologies and the increase in read length and number of reads per run poses a computational challenge to bioinformatics. The demand for sensible, inexpensive, and fast methods to align reads to a reference genome is constantly increasing. Due to the high sensitivity the Smith-Waterman (SW) algorithm is best suited for that. However, its high demand for computational resources makes it unpractical. Here we present an optimal SWimplementation for NGS data and demonstrate the advantages of using common and inexpensive high performance architectures to improve the computing time of NGS applications. We implemented a C++ library (MASon) that exploits graphic cards (CUDA, OpenCL) and CPU vector instructions (SSE, OpenCL) to efficiently handle millions of short local pairwise sequence alignments (36bp - 1,000bp). All libraries can be easily integrated into existing and upcoming NGS applications and allow programmers to optimally utilize modern hardware, ranging from desktop computers to high-end cluster.

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Authors
  • Rescheneder, Philipp
  • Sedlazeck, Fritz
  • von Haeseler, Arndt
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